Risks of smoking
Published12/28/2013 by Health Canada
Smoking is linked to more than two dozen diseases and conditions, including cancer and heart disease. Most of these start to reverse after you quit smoking. Sometimes the benefits of quitting begin in a matter of hours.
Health risks for people who smoke
All people who smoke are at increased risk for:
- problems with their heart and blood vessels
- certain types of cancers
- lung and respiratory problems
- other health issues
- premature death
Female smokers are also at increased risk for:
- cancer of the cervix
- problems with periods (menstrual problems)
- problems getting pregnant (fertility problems)
- premature delivery
- having a low birth weight baby
Male smokers are also at increased risk for:
- problems with erections (impotence/erectile dysfunction)
Did you know?
Each day, 100 Canadians die of a smoking-related illness.
The good news? Life expectancy improves after you quit.
Risks from other types of tobacco
Cigar and pipe smokers experience the same types of health problems as cigarette smokers.
Smokeless tobacco (including chewing tobacco and snuff) also contains many of the same harmful and addictive substances as cigarettes, pipes, and cigars. Smokeless tobacco is a major cause of cancer of the mouth and throat. It can also cause serious dental health problems, including receding gums, tooth loss, and discoloured teeth and gums.
- Contraband cigarettes: tobacco smoke analysis
- Discount cigarettes
- Little cigars... big concerns
- Mini size cigarettes: smoke emissions and toxicity analyses
- Smokeless tobacco products: a chemical and toxicity analysis
Did you know?
Of the more than 4,000 chemicals found in tobacco smoke, hundreds are toxic including hydrogen cyanide, lead, acetone, arsenic, and formaldehyde. At least 70 of these chemicals are carcinogens (known to cause cancer).
source: Health Canada :www.healthycanadians.gc.ca/health-sante/tobacco-tabac/risks-risques-eng.php